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Geert Hofstede

Maastricht University, Maastrich, The Netherlands

Emeritus Professor of Organizational Anthropology and International Management at Maastricht University in his native Netherlands.

He holds a Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering from Delft Technical University (1953) and a cum laude doctorate in Social Psychology from the University of Groningen (1967). He has worked in Dutch as well as international business companies in roles varying from production worker to Director of Human Resources.

From 1965 to 1971 he founded and managed the Personnel Research department of IBM Europe; he was involved in research in nearly all countries of Western Europe and the Middle East. He subsequently became a faculty member and researcher at IMD, Switzerland; INSEAD, France; EIASM, Belgium and IIASA, Austria.

Through the publication in the United States of his scholarly book Culture’s Consequences (1980, new edition 2001), he became a founder of comparative intercultural research. His books have so far appeared in 23 languages.

He is a Fellow of the Academy of Management in the United States, an Honorary Fellow of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, and a Doctor Honoris Causa of seven European universities.

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