Passed away in August 2015. He was Fairleigh S. Dickinson, Jr., Professor of Public Policy (Emeritus) in the Department of Economics at Stanford University and Senior Fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. His primary research activities were in the economics of technological change. His publications addressed both the questions of the determinants and the consequences of technological change. His research has examined the diversity of the forces generating technological change across industrial boundary lines, as well as the mutual influences between scientific research and technological innovation. His books include The American System of Manufactures, Perspectives on Technology, Inside the Black Box, Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth and Paths of Innovation (with David Mowery), How the West Grew Rich (with L.E. Birdzell, Jr.), Exploring the Black Box, The Emergence of Economic Ideas, and Schumpeter and the Endogeneity of Technology. He is the recipient of honorary doctoral degrees from the University of Lund, the University of Bologna, and Northwestern University. And was awarded the Leonardo da Vinci Prize for his contributions to the history of technology.
Receive the OpenMind newsletter with all the latest contents published on our website