This chapter engages critically engages the history and geopolitics of the Arab-Islamic world. By integrating history, policy analysis, and neuroscientific insights on leadership and political change, this chapter conveys a more holistic understanding of endogenous and exogenous factors that have shaped and continue to shape the region. It also charts a way forward for sustainable, secure and prosperous governance paradigms specific to each area within the region. Globally, it advocates a more thorough acknowledgment of the Arab-Islamic contributions to human civilization, and a greater appreciation for what the author calls the “Ocean Modelof Human Civilization”, where cultures are interconnected, cumulative, and where cultures do not arise ex nihilo.
inThe Age of Perplexity: Rethinking the World We Knew.