The Impact of European Integration on National Democracies: Democracy at Increasing Risk in the Eurozone Crisis

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European integration has become an increasing challenge to national democracies. As more and more policy decisions are taken at the EU level or removed to technocratic bodies, national politics has been gradually emptied of substance. The Eurozone crisis has made such matters worse not only because of the economics and politics of hard times but also because EU governance processes and policies have themselves become less ‘democratic’. How can national democracies be reinvigorated while rebalancing the EU’s ‘democracy’ in ways that enable both levels to interact productively within the new EU realities?